Comparison essay in cultural studies: modernism and realism


Comparison essay in cultural studies: modernism and realism

Modernism, realism… these words appear to be well-known, all pupils once heard them in school, but what exactly they suggest – we’re going to not really try to remember. In this essay, we’re going to talk about the current trends when you look at the literature and their differences from one another.

Definition of Modernism as well as its branches

“Imaginist futurism of symbolic significance”. Does it seem to be just a couple of terms to you personally? Then read the concept of modernism into the literature, and everything can be better.

Modernism – taking into consideration the various definitions of this concept, inevitably you encounter a group of never clear words. Let us try to explain everything easier. The name originates from the French language, where it means “up-to-date”. Typically, this sort of name relates to new phenomena in several kinds of art. Inside our nation when you look at the literary works, a comparable trend appeared only in the early 20th century, but came to life quite quickly.

Shortly thereafter, several its branches starred in different spheres of art:

  • Imaginism – when the focus associated with the tasks are some type of image, frequently in isolation from reality.
  • Symbolism is a strong modernism, based on insensibility, mysticism, ambiguity of interpretation.
  • Acmeism – arrived to restore symbolism, cleansed it from mysticism, and placed it self in the solution of this accuracy regarding the wording, the brightness, the effectiveness of the word.
  • Futurism (cubo-futurism, egofuturism) is a phenomenon that destroys the previous canons of literature so that you can produce something conceptually new, aimed at the future.

Such as a hydra, modernism gave the planet and our country in particular many new phenomena that began to serve the writers with faith and truth. It really is worth noting the primary attributes of modernism. They have been:

  • mysticism;
  • separation from reality;
  • aspiration into the future with the destruction of this canons of literature;
  • proof of the semantic load of the strive to the extreme.

Concept of Realism and its place in literary works

And what exactly is realism? Realism is a lot more modest. To create works in an authentic genre, an extremely realistic image regarding the real life is shown. You don’t have for exaggeration, forcing to extreme, any other-world symbols, metaphors, oxymorons. Every thing is divided in to a target and subjective transfer of reality to paper. Realism showed up much sooner than modernism. In this way, such bright writers as F. Dostoyevsky and E. Zola are well known as its representatives.

Comparison of Modernism and Realism

Everything has the directly to life. We shall try to distinguish the main differences of those two styles. Modernism is a brand new phenomenon, whereas in realism you will find very deep roots returning to antiquity. It really is worth noting that modernism is a type of name for different areas when you look at the literature, it really is multifaceted. You can easily say exactly the same about realism, however it doesn’t have such a sizable branching also to some degree it is self-sufficient. Modernism seeks to be adorned, mystical, accented reflection associated with the globe, and realism tells everything since it is from a target and subjective perspective. So what does it suggest? Objective – it is simply a description of reality, and subjectivism – the mindset associated with the author towards the world.

Thus, the essential difference between modernism and realism is really as follows:

  • Modernism is a new phenomenon, and realism was known even in ancient times.
  • Modernism has many branches, and realism in this feeling is more modest, but more self-sufficient.
  • Modernism adorns the whole world, offers it metaphoricalness, and realism informs how it is in real life without tries to change or brighten it in some manner.